QuoteRef: hempCG_1951

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analytic truth
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Hempel, C.G., "Empiricist criteria of cognitive significance: problems and changes", pp. 13-25, in Martinich, A.P. (ed.), The Philosophy of Language, New York, Oxford University Press, 1990 (2nd edition). Google

Other Reference

taken from Hempel, "Problems and changes in the empiricist criterion of meaning," Revue Internationale de Philosophie, 11:41-63 January 1950, and Hempel "The concept of cognitive significance: a reconsideration," Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 80.1:61-77 1951.

13 ;;Quote: empiricism--a sentence is either true or false if it is analytic (logical meaning) or tested by experiential evidence
14 ;;Quote: condition of adequacy--if a sentence does not have a truth value than so with everything that contains it nonvacuously
14 ;;Quote: empirical significance if relate a hypothesis to observation sentences that can be ascertained by direct observation
15 ;;Quote: problem of unbounded domains--a universally quantified sentence can not be empirically confirmed; so without a truth value
17 ;;Quote: requirement of definability--any term with empirical significance must be definable by observation terms; used to form significant sentences
17 ;;Quote: if insist on empirically defined terms, how can one handle disposition terms such as 'fragile'?
18 ;;Quote: could define empirically significant terms via reduction sentences, but couldn't handle concepts such as length (could be irrational)
19 ;;Quote: a statement in isolation has no experiential implications; need other hypothesis, e.g., from science; experiential meaning is elliptical
20 ;;Quote: only entire theoretical systems formulated in a language with a well-determine structure have cognitive significance
20+;;Quote: a cognitively significant, theoretical system is interpreted in terms of observables without isolated sentences
22 ;;Quote: in science we must rise above the level of direct observation; need theoretical constructs to formulate high-level laws and hypotheses
22+;;Quote: strict avoidance of isolated sentences would disallow hypothesis formation and new conceptualizations
22 ;;Quote: compare theories on their clarity, predictive power, simplicity, and confirmations
22+;;Quote: how can one distinguish between science and speculation? Is there a logical evaluation of a theory?
Higg. ;;Note: any logical definition of empirical significance appears to run into trouble; gives example

Related Topics up

ThesaHelp: references g-h (299 items)
Topic: analytic truth (51 items)
Topic: empirical truth (44 items)
Topic: meaning without reference (31 items)
Topic: problems with empirical truth (21 items)
Group: philosophy of science   (10 topics, 377 quotes)
Topic: meaning by language as a whole (26 items)
Topic: scientific method (40 items)

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