QuoteRef: sebbM_1997

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references sa-sz
pidgin and creole languages
referential transparency
thesaurus and information retrieval
words in natural languages
Thesa programming system
children vs. adults


Sebba, M., Contact Languages: Pidgins and Creoles, New York, St. Martin's Press, 1997. Google

Other Reference

Creole Database Project,

14 ;;Quote: a pidgin is a language without native speakers, but with a recognizable set of conventions over a long period. It is unintelligible to speakers of other languages
14+;;Quote: the grammar of a pidgin is simpler than the grammar of native languages
16 ;;Quote: creoles are pidgins which have become native languages for their speakers, typically as children; simple grammar
25 ;;Quote: the lexicon of a pidgin or creole usually comes from one language, the lexifier, while the grammar has other sources, e.g., the substrate languages
47 ;;Quote: the phonology of pidgins is unstable and somewhat dependent on the speaker.
47+;;Quote: pidgins typically use a simplified vowel system without phonologically marked sounds; they avoid doubly articulated stops
49 ;;Quote: pidgins are semantically transparent with one form for one meaning; e.g., two words to specify gender of all species
51 ;;Quote: pidgins make maximum use of a minimum lexicon of 100 to several thousand words
53 ;;Quote: pidgins use few synonyms; e.g., Tok Pisin uses one word for all pointy things and adjectives to identify specific forms
54 ;;Quote: pidgin grammars lack surface and morphological complexity. Pidgins use semantic transparency, a limited vocabulary, and limited function words
82 ;;Quote: untutored second language learners that fossilize at an earlier stage produce languages similar to pidgins
85 ;;Quote: foreigner talk is a dialect that native speakers use to talk with foreigners; like a pidgin with simple grammar, limited vocabulary, and restricted use
85+;;Quote: foreigner talk by both sides may play a role in the early development of a pidgin
99 ;;Quote: a pidgin must be useful and learnable by adults who have lost the ability to learn a native language
105 ;;Quote: for a pidgin to stabilize, it must develop its own norms of grammar, lexicon, and pronunciation
117 ;;Quote: a stable pidgin uses phrase-like formulas for the description of new concepts, e.g., 'smoke eat thing' for 'pipe'
171 ;;Quote: children speak a creole faster than adults speak the corresponding pidgin; leads to phonological reduction of function words
177 ;;Quote: a creole can develop abruptly before a pidgin is established; it may be influenced by biological language abilities

Related Topics up

ThesaHelp: references sa-sz (237 items)
Topic: pidgin and creole languages (31 items)
Topic: referential transparency (26 items)
Topic: thesaurus and information retrieval (29 items)
Group: grammar   (8 topics, 180 quotes)
Topic: words in natural languages (40 items)
Group: Thesa programming system   (11 topics, 561 quotes)
Topic: children vs. adults (33 items)

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