QuoteRef: searJR_1984

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references sa-sz
meaning and truth
meaning vs. reference
limitations of formalism
philosophy of mind
relationship between brain and behavior
people vs. computers
intelligent machines
limitations of artificial intelligence and cognitive science
what is a computer
philosophy of science


Searle, J.R., Minds, Brains and Science, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University Press, 1984. Google

15 ;;Quote: consciousness is amazing; it is the central fact of human existence; without it, the universe is meaningless
16 ;;Quote: intentionality is amazing, i.e., that mental states refer to the world; how can atoms in the void refer?
16 ;;Quote: how can subjective mental phenomena accord with an objective, scientific reality?
17 ;;Quote: mental phenomena appear to cause physical results; if not, then the mind doesn't matter, like froth on a wave
17 ;;Quote: the mind-body problem is difficult because of consciousness, intentionality, subjectivity, and mental causation; can not deny these
19 ;;Quote: everything that matters to our mental life is caused by the nervous system; no mental events from outside events that do not effect the brain
19 ;;Quote: the relationship between mind and brain is like liquidity and water; mind is a feature of brains and it is caused by them
31 ;;Quote: computer programs are syntactical, only minds have semantics and meanings; e.g., Chinese room
35 ;;Quote: if you could build a machine, a physical system, just like a human, it would think
37 ;;Quote: a weather simulation is certainly not weather; why do we think that a computer simulation of the mind could think?
39 ;;Quote: a computer program can not give a system a mind
46 ;;Quote: to follow a rule, the meaning of the rule must have a causal role; behavior itself is insufficient (many possible rules)
47 ;;Quote: computers don't follow rules, they only act as if they did
47+;;Quote: human beings often don't follow rules
52 ;;Quote: we effortlessly recognize faces; perhaps it is like making a footprint in sand (hard to simulate)
57 ;;Quote: the same bodily movements could be a dance, signaling, or exercise; and one type of action could be done by many different movements
58 ;;Quote: human actions have preferred descriptions; what someone does is what they think they are doing; e.g., walking to Hyde Park
58 ;;Quote: people generally know what they are doing and can explain the behavior of others, perhaps through mastery of a set of principles
62 ;;Quote: human action has a mental, intentional component and a physical component; it is explained by intentional causation
63 ;;Quote: can experimentally separate the mental component of action from the physical component; e.g., by stimulating the motor cortex
65 ;;Quote: intentional, human actions are either premeditated or they are spontaneous, e.g., normal conversation
65 ;;Quote: practical reasoning is about choosing between conflicting desires; beliefs are about how to satisfy our desires
66 ;;Quote: the preferred description of intentional action is determined by the intentions that caused it; not like other, natural events
67 ;;Quote: intentional states only function as part of a network of intentions that determines the conditions of satisfaction
68 ;;Quote: the network of intentionality functions against a background of human capacities that are not themselves mental states; e.g., driving
78 ;;Quote: many social and psychological phenomena exist because we think they do; e.g., marriage, money, trade unions; unlike biology or physics
78 ;;Quote: strict laws of social sciences are impossible because social phenomena have no physical limits on possible realizations; e.g., money, war
80 ;;Quote: mental events are not particular, neuro-physiological processes because an event, e.g., money, has too much physical variability
96 ;;Quote: the experience of freedom of choice is an intrinsic part of intentional action; can not be given up
98 ;;Quote: in general, our commonsense, mentalistic conception of ourselves is consistent with nature as a physical system
98+;;Quote: radical freedom of will is impossible under a scientific world view
98+;;Quote: we cannot discover that we do not have minds with conscious, subjective mental states, nor that we do not at least try to engage in voluntary action

Related Topics up

ThesaHelp: references sa-sz (237 items)
Topic: consciousness (57 items)
Group: meaning and truth   (18 topics, 627 quotes)
Topic: recognition (50 items)
Topic: meaning vs. reference (49 items)
Topic: limitations of formalism (92 items)
Topic: philosophy of mind (74 items)
Group: relationship between brain and behavior   (9 topics, 315 quotes)
Topic: people vs. computers (54 items)
Topic: intelligent machines (28 items)
Topic: limitations of artificial intelligence and cognitive science (64 items)
Topic: rules (43 items)
Topic: what is a computer (62 items)
Topic: phenomenology (37 items)
Group: psychology   (9 topics, 303 quotes)
Topic: sociology (11 items)
Group: philosophy of science   (10 topics, 377 quotes)

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