Topic: problem of assigning names

topics > computer science > information > Group: information retrieval


manual indexing
non-hierarchical classification and multiple classification
problem of classifying information
problems with information retrieval
selecting command names for a user interface


Language is dependent on context. Users can not predict descriptions of events and entities. There is much overlap, but little agreement about how people assign names. We "stretch and modify meaning" (cbb 11/07)
Subtopic: stretch and modify meaning up

Quote: in ordinary communication, the ability to stretch and modify meanings is essential [»kentW_1978]
Quote: most specifications require verbal reinforcement to resolve ambiguities and questions [»joneTC4_1979]
Quote: people distinguish classes via short descriptions; using language specific to those classes; brevity is achieved without lose of information [»bongM_1967]

Subtopic: words and phrases used to discuss a subject up

Quote: users can not predict the words and phrases used to discuss a subject, but they think they can [»blaiDC3_1985]
Quote: an accident called an event, difficulty, subject of your last letter etc. [»blaiDC3_1985]
Quote: three most popular verbs for each operation totaled a third of all responses [»landTK7_1983]
Quote: the chance of people using the same content word for the same object ranged for 7% to 18% over a variety of stimulus domains [»furnGW3_1982]
Quote: choosing the most common object for a word matches about half of the time [»furnGW3_1982]

Subtopic: problem of agreement up

Quote: common concepts may be treated in different ways by different domains; e.g., different currencies [»ahmeR12_1991]
Quote: if two scientists judge relevance of a document, only 60% agreement [»clevC4_1984]
Quote: when two people search a database, only 40% of output is common
Quote: schema conflicts occur when the same information uses different structures, names, data types, or constraints [»kimW12_1991]
Quote: the subject similarity among pairs of cited and citing documents is frequently small; they share only one or two topics of the many topics covered by either document [»hartSP10_1993]

Subtopic: ambiguous words up

Quote: words are ambiguous and a document can be relevant without using words from the query; concepts more important [»krovR4_1992]
Quote: people can often disambiguate words with only a few words of context, and frequently, only one word is needed [»krovR4_1992]
Quote: developing a lexicon for disambiguation is expensive; e.g., 8 person-years for 5,000 words [»krovR4_1992]
Quote: query words are more ambiguous than words in a document [»krovR4_1992]

Subtopic: indexing and thesaurus up

Quote: only 30% agreement when indexing a document
Quote: when two people construct a thesaurus only 60% agreement

Subtopic: communication between indexer and readers up

Quote: problems aggravated in computerized data bases since fewer conversations about the data [»kentW_1978]
Quote: in a graphical browser for Hypertext, the author's interpretation of link icons should match the users' interpretations [»frisME7_1988]
Quote: indexers should get feedback from inquirers but usually get feedback from other indexers [»blaiDC_1990]
Quote: information retrieval is a process of communication between inquirers and indexers; i.e., a problem of language and meaning, or use [»blaiDC_1990]
Quote: want inquirers and indexers to be using search terms in substantially the same way

Subtopic: data model up

Quote: the data model of a library may use separate objects for two different books, or two copies of the same book, or a single copy at different times

Related Topics up

Group: naming   (32 topics, 789 quotes)

Topic: manual indexing (19 items)
Topic: non-hierarchical classification and multiple classification (16 items)
Topic: problem of classifying information (42 items)
Topic: problems with information retrieval (51 items)
Topic: selecting command names for a user interface
(15 items)

Updated barberCB 11/04
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