Topic: people better than computers

topics > computer science > Group: artificial intelligence

natural language

definition by example
equal simplicity
intelligent machines
limitations of artificial intelligence and cognitive science
meaning by social context
meaning by use
people vs. computers
philosophy of mind
problem of classifying information
problem solving
sense perception
task communication
vitalism, the soul


People live in a rich and deceptive environment which they help create. The senses depend on the situation. Our activities frequently depend on other human activity and our perception of motives behind that activity. We are emotionally involved in what we do.

People are creative, responsible, conscious, and coordinated. Human activity has a richly detailed order. We predict the future, communicate ideas, classify, and make plans. We recognize others, decide relevance, and detect patterns. (cbb 6/06)

Subtopic: people live in a rich and deceptive environment up

Quote: people are used to dealing with a rich and deceptive environment, e.g., driving on an expressway [»weisM11_1987]
Quote: a computer user's situation and the user's construal of the situation change very rapidly; many errors, changing goals and system state [»carrJM9_1988]

Subtopic: sense up

Quote: tastes, odors, colors are mere names as far material objects are concerned; they are only excitations of living animals; same as tickling and armpits

Subtopic: human activity up

Quote: it is important to remember that design and programming are human activities [»stroB_1991]
Quote: the human form in movement displayed far more overall activity than anyone had supposed
Quote: you cannot run a business, or anything else involving people, on a theory [»geneH_1984]
Quote: can use Turing Test for subcognitive questions that require immersion in a culture; e.g., 'Rate dry leaves as hiding places' or 'bread butter' vs. 'dog butter' [»frenRM1_1990]
Quote: subcognitive questions and Turing Test require a lifetime of experience with complex inter-relations, including useless trivia [»frenRM1_1990]
Quote: all intelligence must have a subcognitive substrate to compose categories; otherwise need to define all possible attributes of each category in every context [»frenRM1_1990]

Subtopic: people are creative up

Quote: the human brain with its subtle esthetic sensibility will remain irreplaceable for ages to come [»thomR_1975]
Quote: neither calculations nor machines can replace the mathematician. They can find order but not unexpected order [»poinH_1908, OK]
Quote: the soul of a fact is its unexpected order
Quote: Apple Desktop Interface assumes that people are curious, strive for mastery, enjoy communicating, with imagination and artistry [»apple_1987]
Quote: humans unlike computers: diversity of skills, creativity, emotional involvement, social contact, intention [»shneB_1987]
Quote: AI can only produce zombanimals; it can not produce people with free will, creativity, consciousness, and abstract reasoning [»brinS10_2000]

Subtopic: people are responsible up

Quote: responsibility is a key difference between people and systems; people are held responsible for their actions [»holtAW11_1966]
Quote: a mail system cannot guarantee that the recipient has taken responsibility for a message; leaves both sides uncertain about each other's state [»cashPM1_1980]
Quote: a role must be fully explicable if a computer is to act in the role; roles of real, responsible people are not explicable [»holtAW_1979]

Subtopic: people are conscious up

Quote: perception is a simple substance that cannot be explained mechanically. Imagine entering a thinking machine. Many parts impinge on one another but none are the perceptions [»leibGW_1679]

Subtopic: people are coordinated up

Quote: a movement sequence (action) may contain illogical steps; e.g., tightening a belt in order to loosen it; difficult for animals or small children [»bernNA_1947]
Quote: users effortlessly move their hands relative to one another, but they require conscious effort to move relative a fixed 3D space
Quote: the grasshopper jumps without seeing where; most jumps are failures [»bernNA_1947]

Subtopic: people communciate ideas up

Quote: what matters is the nature of ideas; they will always be hard to develop, organize, and transmit [»nelsTH_1974]
Quote: the purpose of design is to communicate an idea to others, not to a computer [»cainSH_1975]

Subtopic: people predict, make plans up

Quote: a person will try to predict the probable outcome of each alternative; a computer can only try something and examine the consequences [»stroT_1985]
Quote: the subjunctive corresponds to predicting outcomes, e.g., What would happen if ... [»stroT_1985]
Quote: in stories without available scripts, we reconstruct the planning process of each character to determine their plans and goals [»schaRC_1981]
Quote: people though approximate and fallible, define criteria, evaluate, and guide [»lickJC_1960]
Quote: advice on programming, make a plan; a baffling piece of advice that is independent of rules [»turiA3_1951]
Quote: computers can only do tasks which people have broken into very small steps; people do not know how to turn many tasks into steps; e.g., recognition, common sense, solving a problem [»millHD9_1982]
Quote: solving a problem is different than calculating an answer to a problem
Quote: human intelligence includes things which are not broken into steps; e.g., common sense, recognition, problem solving

Subtopic: people classify up

Quote: Andrew's Advisor system first tried automatic filing of messages by subject; 50% misclassification, too cluttered [»boreNS9_1988]

Subtopic: people decide relevance up

Quote: no automated routine can distinguish useless from relevant communications; especially when a user's tasks and interests change [»hiltSR7_1985]

Subtopic: people are error-prone, slow up

Quote: human limitations include error-prone, unpredictable, slow communication, small short-term memory, degrades with overload, sensitive to response time

Related Topics up

Group: natural language   (16 topics, 539 quotes)

Topic: biology (26 items)
Topic: consciousness (58 items)
Topic: definition by example (26 items)
Topic: equal simplicity (15 items)
Topic: intelligent machines (28 items)
Topic: limitations of artificial intelligence and cognitive science (64 items)
Topic: meaning by social context (33 items)
Topic: meaning by use (58 items)
Topic: people vs. computers (55 items)
Topic: philosophy of mind (78 items)
Topic: problem of classifying information (42 items)
Topic: problem solving (32 items)
Topic: recognition (50 items)
Topic: sense perception (55 items)
Topic: task communication (49 items)
Topic: vitalism, the soul
(73 items)

Updated barberCB 6/06
Copyright © 2002-2008 by C. Bradford Barber. All rights reserved.
Thesa is a trademark of C. Bradford Barber.